Shah Jahan (1628-1658 A.D.) Shah Jahan (Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram) was one of the most successful emperors of the Mughal Empire. UPSC CS PRELIMS 2014. Culture & Heritage: Indian History - Ancient, Medieval and Modern history useful for UPSC, PSC and other competitive exams. • The name Mahtab Bagh means 'Moon Lit Garden' and the same is testified by the beautiful reflection of Taj Mahal in the pool at night in Mahtab Bagh. The Gujarat style of architecture is used most widely in the palace built probably for his Rajput wife or wives. The famous Peacock Throne was built by Shah Jahan. The Red Fort of Delhi, situated on the western bank of the river Yamuna, is one of the must-visit places of Delhi. He continued applying tika (tilak) on the fore-head In 1648 Shah Jahan completed the Jama Masjid in Agra which was dedicated to his daughter Jahanara, the daughter of his father who took the place of her mother and brought her father out of mourning. Provincial Style of Architecture JAUNPUR: Under the Sharqi dynasty Jaunpur became a great centre of art, culture and architectural activity. After Akbar, a secure Empire and enormous wealth in legacy permitted both Jahangir and Shah Jahan to pursue interest in the visual arts. In 1394, amidst the disintegration of the Delhi Sultanate, he established himself as an independent ruler of Jaunpur and extended his authority over Awadh and a large part of the Ganges - Yamuna Doab and replaced much of the Delhi Sultanate. He was the fifth Mughal ruler after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir. During the rule of Shamsuddin Ibrahim (1402-1436 AD), Atala Masjid was built in 1378. Ancient and medieval India are very interlinked with culture. • The place has a history of its own. At the same time, Ahmednagar lost badly and Bijapur and Golconda accepted the Mughal Suzerainty. Shah Jahan ascended the throne in 1627. For UPSC 2021, follow BYJU'S ... UPSC CS PRELIMS 2014. The Khwajah-i-Jahan Malik Sarwar, the first ruler of the dynasty was a wazir under Sultan Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah IV Tughluq (1390–1394). It is believed that the great emperor Shah Jahan who built Taj Mahal for his queen wanted an identical one for himself at Mahtab Bagh. Select the correct answer using the code given below: (UPSC CSAT 2015) 1 and 2 only. To perpetuate her memory he built the Taj Mahal at Agra in 1632-53. Ans . Popular Posts. MOST RECOMMENDED. Shah Jahan (1628-1658): He immortalized himself as he built the Taj Mahal in the memory of his late wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan was a prolific builder and a refined aesthetic. 1,2 and 3. These courts were also described as chihil sutun or forty-pillared halls, placed within a large courtyard. It was abducted from here by Nadir Shah in 1739 during his Indian invasion (Persian conqueror). UPSC - PRELIMS SYLLABUS 2019-20 GSSCORE www.iasscore.in 5 1. Using this opportunity, Shivaji invaded north Konkan and captured the cities of Kalyan, Bhivandi and fort of Mahuli. ARCHITECTURE UNDER JAHANGIR AND SHAH JAHAN. Now it is kept at the London Tower Museum, Britain. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Long before Taj Mahal was completed, the other palaces in the Agra Fort were ready. Shah Jahan 1627-1658 When Jahangir died, Khurram was away in Deccan. But Asaf, miffed by his sister’s acti. Shah Jahan was forced out of the Mughal territories and compelled to take shelter nearby the Deccani rulers, his erstwhile enemies. So Nurjahan supported and try to make Shaharyar the King. Shah Jahan came to a conclusion that there could be no peace for the Mughals in the Deccan as long as Ahmednagar continued as an independent state. Many of these features were adopted by the Mughlas later on and then culmination is to be found in the Taj Mahal built by Shah Jahan. The Mehtab Bagh is a Mughal garden built on the eastern bank of the Yamuna overlooking the Taj Mahal. At this time Shah Jahan fell ill, and a war of succession was imminent in Delhi. Shah Jahan passed the remaining years of his life till 1666 in captivity. As a result, Mughal architecture suffered, with all artisans migrating to work under the patronage of local rulers. During his time magnificent buildings were constructed which are remembered still now. It is the largest historical structure in Delhi. 3 only. Dec 05, 2020 - Chapter 13 - Indian Architecture(Part -1) - Notes, UPSC / IAS Exam UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. However, after carefully analyzing the UPSC past year papers, we have listed down important micro-topics that should be studied for Art and Culture syllabus for UPSC preparation. 1 and 3 only. GUJARAT: Gujarat witnessed significant architectural activity for over 250 years starting from Muzaffar Shah’s declaration of independence from Delhi and the […] B. In this article, we discuss the Indo-Islamic architecture, which is also known as Indo-Saracenic architecture. It is considered as the best specimen of Mughal architecture by many. So, both Shivaji and the Bijapur Sultan were forced to make peace with Aurangzeb. Infomation About Mumtaj Mahal Mumtaz Mahal she was born on 1 September 1593 and died in 17 June 1631 she was the princess of the country of Persia, who married the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan of India Mumtaz Mahal was the most loved wife of Shah Jahan he loved Mumtaz Mahal very much In 1631, at the age of 37 Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th child Gauhra Begum Aurangzeb left for Delhi to take part in it. With no major architectural projects undertaken, the … This is the last chapter (8th) of the NCERT text book 'An Introduction to Indian Art' - Part 1. Blog 5 – Ancient & Medieval India In continuation with series of blog on Strategy for History, here we will share the strategy on how to approach the diciest part of History i.e Ancient and Medieval India. During Shah Jahan’s reign that the different elements of Mughal architecture were fused together in a harmonious synthesis. Shah Jahan built the Jami Masjid at Agra in 1648 in honour of his daughter Jahanara Begum & Wazir Khan's mosque in Lahore,1634. Shah Jahan. Click here to download full Chapter DOWNLOAD UPSC MAINS HISTORY 11 YEARS SOLVED PAPERS PDF DOWNLOAD UPSC MAINS HISTORY 10 Years Categorised PAPERS Study Noted for UPSC MAINS HISTORY Optional The Sufi Movement The Mughal emperors insisted on the mansabdars maintaining mixed contingents comprising Mughals, Pathans, Rajputs, etc. Mehtab Bagh was the last of the 11 Mughal gardens built on the eastern bank of the Yamuna. The UPSC syllabus mentions the art and culture syllabus in just one line “Salient features of Literature, Art Forms, and Architecture from ancient to modern times”. Three most important factors responsible for the war of succession were: (a)Shah Jahan’s partisam attitude towards Dara; (b)old revalry between Dara and Aurangzeb; and(c)Dara and Aurangzeb led two factions of the Mughal court, Dara representing liberalism and Aurangzeb the conservative elements. Three years after his accession, his beloved wife Mumtaj Mahal (original name- Arzumand Bano) died in 1631. Monumental structures were built over graves of rulers and royalty. The particular method of decoration, popular as ‘pietra dura,’ became more popular under Shah Jahan. Daily Quiz: UPSC Prelims Marathon (History, Art & culture) – August 10, 2020 Written by : ForumIAS Posted on August 10th, 2020 Last modified on … Asoka … Pre Historic Times" Periodization of Indian Pre History ... " Contributions of Sher Shah Coinage Architecture ... " Shah Jahan … This fort is often said to be the pinnacle of Mughal creativity. Some of the finest examples of monuments during his reign are — the magnificent Taj Mahal at Agra, the Moti Masjid at Agra Fort and the dignified Jama Masjid at Delhi. The important modification introduced by Shah Jahan to the mansabdari system was that he drastically reduced the number of sawars a noble was required to maintain. Set 2 – 10 Lines on Taj Mahal. Further, he crossed the Deccan into Orissa, controlled the governor by surprise, and then he also took the control of Bengal and Bihar. This incredible monument was established in 1638, by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan. Architecture Under Shah Jahan The vision of Shah Jahan (1628—1658) introduced a delicate elegance and detail to Mughal architecture, illustrated in the Jama Masjid in Delhi, the Moti Masjid situated within the Agra Fort, and the Sheesh Mahal in the Lahore Fort, which makes spectacular use of pietra dura and complex mirror work. The ceremonial halls of public and private audience (diwan-i khas or am) were carefully planned. Question for UPSC Mains: ... Mughal architecture reached zenith during the time of Shah Jahan, who had built Taj Mahal at Agra, Red Fort at Delhi with Rang Mahal, ... (-1) if longwinded narration of Akbar-Jodha Prem or even wrote about Sher Shah’s architecture. in order to weaken the forces of tribalism and parochialism. The Taj Mahal is a great example of Mughals’ architecture, which brought together all the architectural forms developed by the Mughals in a very pleasing manner. Below we have provided a few lines about Taj Mahal, suitable for classes 6 to 8. Shah Jahan: Shah Jahan was eager to capture the ancestral lands of Kandahar. Shah Jahan was succeeded by his puritanical son, Aurangzeb, who had no soft spot for art and architecture. NCERT NOTES: Medieval Indian - Akbar's Successors', Jahangir (1605-1627),Shah Jahan (1627-1658); Aurangazeb (1658-1707) and decline of Mughals. The general pattern of the tomb architecture consists of a domed chamber (hujra), a cenotaph in its centre with a mihrab on the western wall and the real grave in the underground chamber. Both Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal’s tombs are situated in the lower level of the Mahal, towards Mecca, the holiest city in Islam. This post finish our task of covering the highlights of the book in an exam-friendly manner, but we don't stop creating 'easy-to-read articles' for our readers here. Shah Jahan(1627-1658 AD) His real name was Khurram, he was born to Jodha Bai (daughter of Raja Jagat Singh). 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